T15 Codes And Standards

16 CODES, STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS

Adherence to the appropriate codes and standards is best achieved by following the recommendations of a qualified lighting design professional. There are considerable revisions and changes which will continue to evolve both at the national and provincial level.

Minimum Energy Performance Standards

The Canadian Federal Energy Efficiency Act, 1995 is a Regulation that provides for the establishment and enforcement of minimum energy performance levels for energy-using products. The Act also enforces labeling of energy-using products as well as the collection of data on energy use and is administered by the Office of Energy Efficiency (oee.nrcan.gc.ca). These regulations apply to products imported into Canada or shipped inter-provincially. In general, Canadian regulations have a history of harmonizing with similar Rulemakings in the United States. It is important to also consult any additional regulatory requirements that may be in place when working in or importing product from other provinces or jurisdictions. Amendments to the Regulation are on an onging and continuous basis. Please check the Office of Energy Efficiency webstie for the latest product Bulletins.

Ontario Building Code

The Building Code Act, 1992 is the legislative framework governing the construction, renovation and change of use of buildings. The Building Code is a Regulation authorized by the Act, and sets out detailed administrative and technical requirements including among other things, public health and safety; and energy and water conservation. Enforcement of the Act and Building Code is the responsibility of principal authorities (municipalities, conservation authorities and health units).

Ontario’s Building Code is harmonized to a large degree with the National Building and Plumbing Code of Canada (NBC/NPC). However, there are some areas in which Ontario has chosen to pursue other policy priorities. For example, Ontario has specific standards for energy efficiency which are not addressed in the NBC/NPC. Like the model national Codes, a new version of Ontario’s Building Code is developed approximately every five years. The current Code came into effect in 2006. It is anticipated that the next edition of the Building Code will be released in late 2011, following the expected release of the next model National Codes in late 2010. Ontario’s Code is, however, subject to interim amendments between releases of new versions. Please refer to the Code News section of the Ministry of Minicpal Affairs and Housing website.

Upcoming Regulations

1. Incandescent Bulbs - January 1, 2012 & December 31, 2012
The scope of this requirement covers the majority of sales of existing medium screw base incandescent lamps. Incandescent lamps of 25 and 150 W are not covered as they currently only represent approximately 2% of total sales. The standard applies to General Service Lamps (GSL) that are electrical devices that provides functional illumination and have a luminous flux of at least 250 lumens but no greater than 2600 lumens (Note: equivalent wattages covered are the 40, 60, 75 and 100 watt lamps); and are screw based.
Sample Look-up Table
Lumens Minimum Lumens Minimum
Lumens/Watt Lumens/Watt
GSL MS* GSL MS*
250 15.15 11.4 1600 22.6 16.98
400 17.05 12.8 1800 23.1 17.34
600 18.68 14 2000 23.5 17.66
800 19.84 14.9 2200 23.9 17.95
1000 20.74 15.6 2400 24.3 18.21
1200 21.48 16.1 2600 24.6 18.45
1400 22.1 16.6
The amendment for general service lamps only applies to products manufactured on or after the following dates:
Lumen Range Effective Wattage of original lamps Effective Date
1050-2600 75 W to 100 W 01-Jan-12
250-1049 40 W to 60 W 31-Dec-12
Harmonization
NRCan’s Efficacy per Lumen Output formula differs somewhat from the “stepped approach” being followed in the US that provides for maximum wattages for a “bin” or range of lumen outputs. Canada’s approach is equivalent to that being proposed in the European Union and Australia. NRCan feels that the step approach may promote dimmer lamps and risk “bin jumping” by the consumer. Bin jumping is the phenomenon in which consumers purchase lamps with higher wattages in order to obtain familiar light outputs. NRCan’s standard also covers a slightly larger range of lumen output at the lower lumen output range.

2. Fluorescent Lamps - July 14, 2012 (planned)
The scope of this planned amendment will increase the efficacy for general-service fluorescent lamps of the following types:
- 2-foot, medium bi-pin, U-shaped lamps with a rated wattage at least 25 and less than 28
- 4-foot, medium bi-pin lamps with a rated wattage at least 25 and less than 28
- 4-foot T5, miniature bi-pin, straight-shaped, standard-output lamps with rated wattage at least 26
- 4-foot T5, miniature bipin, straight-shaped, high output lamps with rated wattage at least 49
- 8-foot recessed, double contact, rapid start, high-output lamps
- 8-foot recessed, double contact, rapid start, high-output lamps
- 8-foot, single pin, instant start, slimline lamps with a rated wattage at least 52
No commercially available T12 lamps meet this standard. High-performance T8s (sometimes called super T8s) can meet those requirements, as can most reduced-wattage T8s, premium-grade T8s, and all T5s. Updated DOE standards for fluorescent lighting are due in 2017.
Sample Look-up Table
Lamp type Correlated color temperature (K) Minimum average lamp efficacy (lm/W)
4-foot medium bi-pin ≤ 4,500 89
> 4,500 ≤ 7,000 88
2-foot U-shaped ≤ 4,500 84
> 4,500 ≤ 7,000 81
8-foot slimline ≤ 4,500 97
> 4,500 ≤ 7,000 93
8-foot high output ≤ 4,500 92
> 4,500 ≤ 7,000 88
4-foot miniature bi-pin, standard output ≤ 4,500 86
> 4,500 ≤ 7,000 81
4-foot miniature bi-pin, high output ≤ 4,500 76
> 4,500 ≤ 7,000 72

Harmonization
The proposed effective date in the U.S. is July 14, 2012. NRCan has not issued a proposed effective date for Canada. The NRCan Regulation is expected to harmonize with both the levels and effective date of the U.S. Rulemaking.

3. Incandescent Reflector Lamps - July 14, 2012 (planned)
There are four principle incandescent reflector lamp bulb shapes, as defined by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI): reflector (R), parabolic aluminized reflector (PAR), bulged reflector (BR), and elliptical reflector (ER). This Regulation would expand the definition of the general service incandescent reflector lamps to include BPAR lamps and lamps with diameters as small as 57 mm and decrease the number of exempt products. However, the minimum efficacy levels would remain unchanged for R, PAR and BR lamps. ER lamps would be required to comply with the same efficacy levels as any other shape of incandescent reflector lamps, which is not the case in the current Regulations.
Energy Performance Standards
Proposed Minimum Efficacy Levels for all General Service Incandescent Reflector Lamps
Rated wattage, W Minimum average efficacy, lm/W
40–50 10.5
51–59 11.0
60–85 12.5
86–115 14.0
116–155 14.5
156–205 15.0
U.S. DOE Energy Conservation Standards for Incandescent Reflector Lamps
Lamp wattage Lamp type Diameter (inches) Voltage Energy conservation standard (lm/W)
40W–205W Standard Spectrum >2.5 ≥125 6.8*P0.27
<125 5.9*P0.27
≤2.5 ≥125 5.7*P0.27
<125 5.0*P0.27
40W–205W Modified Spectrum >2.5 ≥125 5.8*P0.27
<125 5.0*P0.27
≤2.5 ≥125 4.9*P0.27
<125 4.2*P0.27
Effective Date
The effective date first proposed by NRCan was June 1, 2009; however this date is expected to slip to July 14, 2012 and will harmonize with the U.S. Rulemaking.

4. Pulse Start HID Ballast and Fixtures – January 1, 2010
There are four principle incandescent reflector lamp bulb shapes, as defined by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI): reflector (R), parabolic aluminized reflector (PAR), bulged reflector (BR), and elliptical reflector (ER). This Regulation

A typical incandescent lamp consists of a tungsten wire filament enclosed in a glass bulb filled with inert gas at low pressure. For close to 100 years, the standard incandescent lamp has had an efficacy of approximately 15 lm/W. Newer versions of the standard incandescent lamp, using high pressure halogen and infrared coatings have increased the efficacy of some incandescent lamps to over 35 lm/W, still less than the 50 lm/W efficacy of a compact fluorescent lamp.

By early 2007, with the growing sales of compact fluorescent lamps, the decision to proceed with implementing minimum performance standards for standard incandescent lamps was made in several jurisdictions. Canada’s regulations will in effect harmonize levels with legislated levels in the United States (although the implementation dates differ slightly).

In January 2012, 60 W and 100 W standard incandescent lamps will be required to meet new minimum efficiency standards, with 40W lamps required to meet the same standard by the end of 2012. These new standards are estimated to be equivalent to improving the unit efficacy 30% over standard incandescent bulbs. Series manufacturers have now begun marketing lines of high efficiency incandescent lamps with a target of 30 lumens/watt.

All regulations will apply to general-purpose, non-directional incandescent bulbs, and will not apply to specialty bulbs such as reflector lamps (MR16, PAR lamps) or to special purpose bulbs (as used in appliances, traffic lights, infrared lamps, "rough service" bulbs, 3-way, coloured bulbs, candelabra, and plant lights).